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      当前位置: 牛股配资网 > 配资炒股技巧 > 【Financial.Times】Wang.Huiyao:No.country.is.an.island.in.the.climate.crisis


      2020-11-06 0条评论

      Op-ed of Financial Times

      By Wang Huiyao | Founder of the Center for China andGlobalization(CCG)

      Birth of the UN shows dramaticchange is possible when world powers face a shared existentialthreat

      Statistically, the over-70s don’t do well with Covid-19.Unfortunately, the UN seems to be no exception. The pandemic shouldhave been a chance to revive the organisation and prove itsrelevance during its 75th anniversary. Instead, failure toco-ordinate an effective global response has laid bare itsfractures and fragilities. However, that need not be the case foran even greater threat the world faces: climate change.接下来为大家介绍"谈谈【Financial.Times】Wang.Huiyao:No.country.is.an.island.in.the.climate.crisis"弄不懂的看来看看

      Following the northern hemisphere’s hottest summer on record, callsfor global climate action are at a fever pitch. At the UN’s annualassembly last month, secretary-general António Guterres drilledhome again the need for climate-positive action to rebuildeconomies after the pandemic. Two days earlier, China’s PresidentXi Jinping made a landmark pledge: the country will becarbon-neutral by 2060. And about a week before that, USpresidential-hopeful Joe Biden made a powerful speech puttingclimate at the centre of his vision. This sees the US rejoining theParis climate accord and investing $2tn to help the country becomecarbon neutral by 2050.

      It might seem a faint hope at the moment that the world’s two majorpowers can work together on anything. But the birth of the UN showsthat dramatic change is possible when facing a shared existentialthreat. In 1949, that meant averting nuclear war. The UN has sincebecome politicised and failed to prevent many tragedies.Nevertheless, its core mission has been a success. Since the secondworld war, there has been neither a global conflict nor a nuclearweapon used in anger.

      Fast-forward 75 years and the world again faces risks that nocountry can manage alone. Like nuclear war, climate change assuresmutual destruction if states can’t work together. It will justhappen gradually, rather than with a bang.

      The collaborative impetus needed to address the climate crisisshould go far beyond avoiding catastrophe. Green co-operationrepresents a chance to create jobs and rebuild more prosperous andequal societies. The World Bank estimates that climate-smartinvestment opportunities worth almost $23tn have opened up inemerging markets. There are possibilities for cross-borderpartnerships in decarbonisation. Such activity could produce apolitical dividend by creating “green ballast” that help keepsglobal collaboration on an even keel.

      The case for post-pandemic green multilateralism is clear. Andwhile the political obstacles are formidable, there are ways togive it a fighting chance.

      One challenge is how to kickstart progress. Before the next UNClimate Change Conference in November 2021, major powers should gettogether under the umbrella of a climate-oriented G10 in order toforge a fresh consensus. Adding China, India and Russia to theexisting G7 would expand its representation from 10 per cent to 47per cent of the world’s population. It would include the world’ssix largest carbon emitters. Crucially, it would bridge faultlinesbetween industrialised and developing nations that have hamperedprevious negotiations. The G10 body would be representative ofglobal climate interests, but also streamlined enough to make rapidprogress possible.

      Simultaneously, China, the EU and the US should develop atrilateral mechanism to spur green co-operation andclimate-oriented reform of bodies such as the UN and World TradeOrganization. Working in concert, these three powers have the cloutto galvanise reform of global governance and move markets to adoptclimate-friendly technologies and standards.

      If all this sounds like a fairytale, remember that there is analternative ending to the story. If we do not harness its cohesivepotential, climate change will become a destabilising, geopolitical“risk multiplier”. It will aggravate stress on societies andinstitutions by exacerbating demographic pressures from climatemigration, and will open new areas for rivalry, from Arcticwaterways to climate-adaptive technologies and the minerals thatenable them. Climate change could also increase the risk of futurepandemics by damaging natural habitats and raising the risk ofzoonotic transmission.

      Clearly, the chance of a green revival of multilateralism hinges onthe outcome of the US presidential election in November. And, to beclear, multilateral consensus on climate change will neither stopglobal rivalries nor solve all the world’s problems.

      Nevertheless, it will be an important start. As the UN’s secondsecretary-general Dag Hammarskjld famously remarked, the UN’spurpose is not to get us to heaven but to save us from hell.

      From Financial Times , 2020-10-15




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